Kittiwakes visit the Exchange Buildings
“Not all buildings have been safe
for Kittiwakes to visit”
From a humble beginning of only a few nests close to the mouth of the River Tyne; the local breeding colony of Kittiwakes have over the past fifty years grown to over a thousand pairs. They have also reached as far as Newcastle/Gateshead Quayside where the vast majority of the colony now can be found during the spring summer months.
Many of the older buildings have vanished from the landscape with newer more modern structures spreading across the horizon. As buildings have vanished, any Kittiwakes that happened to be nesting, have been forced to look for alternative sites to build their nests. The Kittiwakes, instinct to breed is strong, as they work to bring life to the next generation of Kittiwakes.
“Not everyone is keen to host, a colony of Kittiwakes, and over the years, many quayside buildings have become carpeted with spikes, anti-bird netting, electric shock systems and fire-gel.”
These anti-bird deterrents have been installed by the owners of the buildings to try and prevent Kittiwakes nesting. This has been done to protect the buildings.
“Unfortunately some of the anti-bird deterrents that have been installed have been proven to trap, injure and at times kill some of the Tyne Kittiwakes that share the quaysides of Newcastle and Gateshead during the spring/summer months.”
One such occasion was during the 2018 breeding season where over a dozen Kittiwakes became trapped and at least eight lost their lives on a building that houses a premier inn on Newcastle Quayside. Following this sad event, and following a large public response asking for the anti-bird netting to be removed, changes were made.
“In 2018 a ‘Petition‘ was set up asking for the dangerous areas of anti-bird netting, that had been trapping Kittiwakes to be removed. Lots of people were very concerned about the welfare of the Tyne Kittiwakes”
“Over One-Hundred Thousand people signed the petition”
Changes made by owners
The actual day the Kittiwakes returned Spring 2019, areas of anti-bird netting were removed from the top of the ‘Exchange Buildings’. This was replaced with an alternative anti-bird deterrent called Avi-shock. This involved an electric shock system that is considered harmless to the Kittiwakes.
During the 2019 breeding season, volunteers from ‘Kittiwakes upon the Tyne’ monitored the new electric shock system and watched out just incase any more Kittiwakes became trapped in any of the anti-bird netting that remained, towering from the top of the building. No more birds were found trapped that year on the exchange buildings. Some Kittiwakes landed close to the new anti-bird deterrent; Avi-shock. Some of these remained undisturbed and continued peacefully to spend time amongst it; whilst others did appear ‘shocked’ and abruptly flew off, shaking their heads; often traveling a great distance, flying off down river.
“Welcome at the Inn”
Over two dozen Kittiwakes could be found on the roof of the ‘Exchange Buildings’ at times, relaxing and enjoying the delights of the quayside. One pair loved it so much they chose this location to build their nest.
“They continued undisturbed and seemed very welcome at the Inn.”
“Those of us that were lucky to watch the pair during the 2019 season were very happy to see a young chick, and this successfully fledged.
Great news! A Happy Ending”
What about 2019?
“Will Kittiwakes be welcome at the Inn?”
Plans were announced in a local newspaper . This shared the news of an application to install more avi shock on the exchange buildings that house the premier Inn. This included the area where a pair nested in 2019. It can be said that the existing avi-shock which was installed spring 2019 appeared to have been harmless to the local breeding colony of Kittiwakes. Also with only one pair opting to nest there, any installation of new avi-shock will not have a large effect on the Kittiwake Colony. Everyone is very relieved that any anti-bird netting that had been proven to be dangerous to the Kittiwakes had been removed and that no further birds were trapped during the 2019 breeding season on this building. There will be times where some buildings are unsuitable for the Kittiwakes to nest. The choice of fit-for-purpose anti-bird deterrents are important in those cases. Avi-shock appears fit for purpose at this time.
More Avi-shock installed
Prior the the Kittiwakes returning in 2020 additional Avi-shock was installed on the Exchange Buildings. No Kittiwakes nested there during 2020, however dozens of Kittiwakes enjoyed this building, relaxing high up on the roof.
Breeding Tyne Kittiwakes
A Review 1994-2020 – NHSN talks
With Daniel M Turner,
Tyne Kittiwake Partnership
The River Tyne nesting kittiwakes have shown a remarkable story since their beginnings in 1949. Explore a new talk as local ornithologist, Dan Turner, shares some of their nesting sites along the Tyne and examines trends in their numbers and breeding success. Click here to watch on YouTube
“At times the Tyne Kittiwakes fly as far away
as the Farne Islands in Northumberland to feed”
During this talk it references a paper by Chris Redfern and Richard Bevan.
A comparison of foraging behaviour in the North Sea by Black-legged Kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla from an inland and a maritime colony. This can be found on Taylor and Francis Online